Goal 13: Climate action

There is no country in the world that is not experiencing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level. Further, global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not take action now.

The annual average losses from tsunamis, tropical cyclones and flooding amount to hundreds of billions of dollars, requiring an investment of US$6 billion annually in disaster risk management alone. The goal aims to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries and help mitigate climate-related disasters.

Helping more vulnerable regions, such as land locked countries and island states, adapt to climate change must go hand in hand with efforts to integrate disaster risk measures into national strategies. It is still possible, with the political will and a wide array of technological measures, to limit the increase in global mean temperature to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This requires urgent collective action.

Facts and figures


From 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85°C.

-1.07 million km²

The Arctic’s sea ice extent has shrunk in every decade since 1979, with 1.07 million km² of ice loss every decade.

+19 cm

From 1901 to 2010, the global average sea level rose by 19 cm as oceans expanded due to warming temperatures and melting ice.


Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level.


For each 1 degree Celsius of temperature increase, grain yields decline by about 5 percent.


Since 1970, the number of natural disasters worldwide has more than quadrupled to around 400 a year.

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
Goals in action
SDG 10 SDG 11 SDG 13 SDG 15

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